Q. Name some endocrine diseases.

Ans. Some endocrine diseases are hypothyroidism, thyrotoxicosis, diabetes mellitus, hyperparathyroidism, hypogonadism, adrenal insufficiency, and Cushing’s syndrome.


Q. What are the major endocrine glands?

Ans. Pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, endocrine pancreas, adrenal gland, and testes or ovary are the major endocrine glands.


Q. Name some hyperactive and hypoactive diseases in endocrine system.


Gland Hyperactive Hypoactive
Pituitary Acromegaly Dwarfism
Thyroid Thyrotoxicosis Hypothyroidism
Parathyroid Hyperparathyroidism Hypoparathyroidism
Adrenal Cushing’s syndrome Addison’s disease


Q. Mention some medical emergency in relation to endocrine disorder?

Ans. Medical emergencies are:

  1. Hypoglycemia
  2. Diabetic ketoacidosis
  3. Pituitary apoplexy
  4. Thyrotoxic crisis
  5. Addisonian crisis
  6. Severe hypercalcemia.
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