Definition and classification

  • What is pemphigus vulgaris? A
  • What are the types of pemphigus? A, hs
  • What is acantholysis? A
  • What is Nikolsky sign? Hs
  • What is Asboe-Hansen sign? hs


  • How many patients with pemphigus have mucosal involvement? hs

Etiology and Pathophysiology

  • What are the causes of pemphigus vulgaris? A
  • What is the pathogenesis of pemphigus vulgaris? A, hs
  • Which drugs are implicated in pemphigus? hs
  • Where is the site of lesion within the skin? hs
  • What are the malignant diseases associated with paraneoplastic pemphigus? A
  • What type of pemphigus is initiated by infectious agents carried by mosquito or black flies? A
  • What are the causes of blisters of the skin? A
  • What are the causes of hemorrhagic bullae? A
  • What are the autoimmune blistering diseases? A
  • What are the causes of bullous lesion in skin with mouth ulcer? A, hs

Clinical manifestations

  • What are the presentations of pemphigus vulgaris? a


  • What is the bedside test in pemphigus vulgaris? a


  • What are the investigations done in pemphigus vulgaris? A, hs
  • What are the histological findings? Hs
  • What are the immunofluorescence findings? hs
  • How biopsy and DIF materials are collected? A
  • What are the diseases that can be diagnosed by DIF? A
  • What are the DIF findings in different diseases? a


  • Why have you told pemphigus vulgaris? hs
  • What are your differential diagnoses? A
  • What are the points in favor and against your differential diagnoses? A
  • How do you differentiate between pemphigus vulgaris and pemphigus foliaceus? A, hs


  • How would you treat the patient? A, hs
  • What is the goal of treatment? Hs
  • What is the prognosis of pemphigus? hs


  • What are the complications of pemphigus vulgaris? a



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