• What is PUD? hl
  • What is Helicobacter pylori? A
  • What is non-ulcer dyspepsia? A
  • What are the functional disorders of GIT? A
  • What is triple therapy? Hl
  • What is dumping syndrome? Hl


  • Q

Etiology and Pathophysiology

  • What are the sites of peptic ulcer disease? A, hl
    • Is PUD possible in ileum? Hl
  • What is the etiology or risk factors for PUD? A, hl
  • Which NSAIDs has very low risk in PUD? Hl
  • What are the consequences of pylori infection? Hl
  • How pylori causes PUD? A

Clinical manifestations

  • What are the characteristics of peptic ulcer pain? Hl


  • Q


  • What investigations do you suggest? A, hl
  • How to confirm your diagnosis? A
  • What are the diagnostic and prognostic values of endoscopy? Hl


  • What is your diagnosis? Hl
    • Why do you think so? Hl
    • Is it gastric or duodenal ulcer? hl
  • What are your differential diagnoses? A
    • Why is this not acute cholecystitis? Hl
    • Why is this not chronic pancreatitis? Hl
    • Why is this not choledocholithiasis?
    • Why is this not carcinoma of stomach?
  • How to diagnose H. pylori infection? A
  • What are the endoscopic criteria of rebleeding? Hl


  • How can you treat PUD? Hl
  • What is the management of endoscopically found PUD? Hl
  • What are the indications of pylori eradication? A, hl
  • How to treat pylori infection? A
  • How will you manage a case of chronic duodenal ulcer? A
  • What are the indications for surgery in peptic ulcer? Hl
  • How to manage peptic ulcer bleeding? A
  • What are the predictors for adverse prognosis in upper GIT bleeding? a


  • What are the complications of PUD? Hl
  • What are complications of chronic duodenal ulcer? A
  • What are the complications of surgical management of PUD (gastric resection or vagotomy)? A, hl



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