What are the risk factors of atherosclerosis / coronary artery disease?
- Major risk factors
- Smoking (The most important avoidable cause of atherosclerotic vascular disease)
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Diabetes mellitus
- Other risk factors
- Obesity (particularly if central or truncal)
- Excess alcohol intake
- Fixed risk factors
- Age (Age is the most powerful independent risk factor for atherosclerosis)
- Male sex
- Family history (due to a combination of shared genetic, environmental and lifestyle factors. The most common inherited risk characteristics (hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, diabetes mellitus) are polygenic.)
* Short and Long Cases in Clinical Medicine, HN Sarker Page: 266; Davidson’s Principles and Practice of Medicine, 22nd edition Page: 602
What is tri-vessel disease?
Tri-vessel disease is atherosclerosis disease involving left anterior descending (LAD) artery, circumflex (CX) and right coronary arteries.
* Pre-exam preparation for medicine, HN Sarker