Questions on atherosclerosis

What are the risk factors of atherosclerosis / coronary artery disease?
  1. Major risk factors
    • Smoking (The most important avoidable cause of atherosclerotic vascular disease)
    • Sedentary lifestyle
    • Hypertension
    • Diabetes mellitus
    • Hypercholesterolemia
  2. Other risk factors
    • Obesity (particularly if central or truncal)
    • Excess alcohol intake
    • Homocystinemia
  3. Fixed risk factors
    • Age (Age is the most powerful independent risk factor for atherosclerosis)
    • Male sex
    • Family history (due to a combination of shared genetic, environmental and lifestyle factors. The most common inherited risk characteristics (hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, diabetes mellitus) are polygenic.)
* Short and Long Cases in Clinical Medicine, HN Sarker Page: 266; Davidson’s Principles and Practice of Medicine, 22nd edition Page: 602
What is tri-vessel disease?

Tri-vessel disease is atherosclerosis disease involving left anterior descending (LAD) artery, circumflex (CX) and right coronary arteries.

 * Pre-exam preparation for medicine, HN Sarker
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